The AFL was a formal federation of labor unions whereas the Knights of Labor was much more a secretive type. One of the main differences between the Knights of Labor and the American Federation of Labor is that the former one was more radical.
Origins[ edit ] Terence PowderlyGrand Master Workman of the Knights of Laborwhose refusal to negotiate with craft unions led to formation of the A. The American Federation of Labor A. The organization emerged from a dispute with the Knights of Labor K of L organization, in which the leadership of that organization solicited locals of various craft unions to withdraw from their International organizations and to affiliate with the K of L directly, an action which would have taken funds from the various unions and enriched the K of L's coffers.
The Cigar Makers' International Union refused to accept the cut and 6, of its members in 19 factories were locked out by the owners. A strike lasting four weeks ensued.
The committee of investigation was controlled by individuals friendly to the New York District Assembly, however, and the latter was exonerated. McGuire of the Carpenters, addressed to all national trade unions and calling for their attendance of a conference in Philadelphia on May Powderly refusing to enter into serious discussions on the matter.
Formation and early years[ edit ] Samuel Gompers in the office of the American Federation of Labor, Convinced that no accommodation with the leadership of the Knights of Labor was possible, the heads of the five labor organizations which issued the call for the April conference issued a new call for a convention to be held December 8, in Columbus, Ohio in order to construct "an American federation of alliance of all national and international trade unions.
Although the founding convention of the A. Powerful opinion-makers of the American labor movement such as the Philadelphia Tocsin, Haverhill Labor, the Brooklyn Labor Press, and the Denver Labor Enquirer granted Gompers space in their pages, in which he made the case for the unions against the attacks of employers, "all too often aided by the K of L.
Some assemblies of the K of L supported the Cigar Makers' position and departed the organization: The Federation favored pursuit of workers' immediate demands rather than challenging the property rights of owners, and took a pragmatic view of politics which favored tactical support for particular politicians over formation of a party devoted to workers' interests.
Membership in the A. However, in the s decadethe two parties began to realign, with the main faction of the Republican Party coming to identify with the interests of banks and manufacturers, while a substantial portion of the rival Democratic Party took a more labor-friendly position.
While not precluding its members from belonging to the Socialist Party or working with its members, the A.
|Samuel Gompers | AFL-CIO||Grand Master Workman Terence V.|
Afterthe organization's tie to the Democratic party grew increasingly strong. The National Civic Federation was formed by several progressive employers who sought to avoid labor disputes by fostering collective bargaining and "responsible" unionism.
Labor's participation in this federation, at first tentative, created internal division within the A. Socialistswho believed the only way to help workers was to remove large industry from private ownership, denounced labor's efforts at cooperation with the capitalists in the National Civic Federation.
The issue unified the workers who feared that an influx of new workers would flood the labor market and lower wages. Nativism was a factor when the A.
In the pro-business environment of the s, business launched a large-scale offensive on behalf of the so-called " open shop ", which meant that a person did not have to be a union member to be hired. He only carried his home state of Wisconsin.
The campaign failed to establish a permanent independent party closely connected to the labor movement, however, and thereafter the Federation embraced ever more closely the Democratic Party, despite the fact that many union leaders remained Republicans. As the national economy began to recover inso did union membership.
The New Deal of president Franklin D. Roosevelta Democrat, strongly favored labor unions. He made sure that relief operations like the Civilian Conservation Corps did not include a training component that would produce skilled workers who would compete with union members in a still glutted market.
It greatly strengthened organized unions, especially by weakening the company unions that many workers belonged to.
It was to the members advantage to transform a company union into a local of an A. The Wagner Act also set up to the National Labor Relations Boardwhich used its powers to rule in favor of unions and against the companies.
As early asthe A. The dues in these federal labor unions FLUs were kept intentionally low to make them more accessible to low paid industrial workers; however, these low dues later allowed the Internationals in the Federation to deny members of FLUs voting membership at conventions.By refusing to pursue a radical program for political change, Gompers maintained the support of the American government and public.
By , the ranks of the A.F. of L. swelled to over , tradespeople. Gompers was seen as the unofficial leader of the labor world in America. Simplicity worked. The Struggles of Labor. United States History. The life of a 19th-century American industrial worker was far from easy. The Knights of Labor soon fell into decline, however, and their place in the labor movement was gradually taken by the American Federation of Labor (AFL).
Rather than open its membership to all, the AFL, under former cigar. Are you looking for a similar paper or any other quality academic essay? Then look no further. Our research paper writing service is what you require.
Why Did The Afl Prevail Over The Knights Of Labor IS IT FAIR TO DISMISS THE KNIGHTS OF LABOR AS HOPELESS DREAMERS WHO ACCOMPLISHED LITTLE?
Nahean Nazmul () Labour Studies 1A03 Spring/Summer Prof.
David Goutor Great success often comes from previous failures. Mar 14, · Why did the AFL prevail over the Knights of Labor? Follow. 1 answer 1. Report Abuse. Are you sure you want to delete this answer? Yes No. How did the strategies of the AFL and the Knights of Labor differ?
Answer Questions. How many people in Brazil are white?Status: Resolved.
How and why did American workers seek to improve their working conditions in the late 19th century? Unionists wanted better wages, hours, and working conditions.
The abundance of laborers available for these unskilled factory jobs made individual workers expendable and led to decreased wages.