Evidence exists of human habitation in the area now known as Venezuela from about 15, years ago. Leaf-shaped tools from this period, together with chopping and planoconvex scraping implements, have been found exposed on the high riverine terraces of the Rio Pedregal in western Venezuela.
Baroque painting in Central and South America is basically an extension of that of Spain and Portugal, and even the best rarely rises to the general standard of the European schools.
In the northwest it is joined to North America by the Isthmus of Panamaa land bridge narrowing to about 50 miles 80 km at one point. Relatively few islands rim the continent, except in the south.
These include the glaciated coastal archipelagoes of Argentina and Chile. The Falkland Malvinas Islands are east of southern Argentina. To the north, the West Indies stretch from Trinidad to Florida, but those islands usually are associated with North America. Of the remainder, most are small oceanic islands off the coasts of South America, including the Galapagos IslandsEcuadorin the Pacific Ocean.
South America has a total area of about 6, square miles 17, square kmor roughly one-eighth of the land surface of Earth.
The name America is derived from that of the Italian navigator Amerigo Vespuccione of the earliest European explorers of the New World. The term America originally was applied only to South America, but the designation soon was applied to the entire landmass.
Because Mexico and Central America share an Iberian heritage with nearly all of South America, this entire region frequently is grouped under the name Latin America. In the larger, eastern portion are found a number of stable shields forming highland regions, separated by large basins including the vast Amazon basin.
The western portion is occupied almost entirely by the Andes Mountains. The Andes—formed as the South American Plate drifted westward and forced the oceanic plate to the west under it—constitute a gigantic backbone along the entire Pacific coast of the continent.
No other continent—except Antarctica—penetrates so far to the south. Although the northern part of South America extends north of the Equator and four-fifths of its landmass is located within the tropics, it also reaches subantarctic latitudes.
Much of the high Andes lie within the tropics but include extensive zones of temperate or cold climate in the vicinity of the Equator —a circumstance that is unique. The great range in elevation produces an unrivaled diversity of climatic and ecological zones, which is probably the most prominent characteristic of South American geography.
The original inhabitants of South America are believed to have descended from the same Asiatic peoples who migrated to North America from Siberia during the most recent Wisconsin ice age. Few of these peoples, however, survived the arrival of Europeans aftermost succumbing to disease or mixing with people of European and especially in Brazil African origin.
Some parts of the continent are now industrialized, with modern cities, but the people in rural areas still follow an agricultural way of life.
The wealth of mineral products and renewable resources is considerable, yet economic development in most of the continent lags behind the more industrially advanced regions of the world. Nonetheless, concern has arisen about the rapidly increasing and often destructive exploitation of these resources.
For discussion of individual countries of the continent, see specific articles by name—e.South America ranks fourth in area (after Asia, Africa, and North America) and fifth in population (after Asia, Africa, Europe, and North America). Brazil is by far the most populous South American country, with more than half of the continent's population, followed by Colombia, Argentina, Venezuela and Peru.
Colombia is a country located in the northwestern part of South America, where it shares land and / or maritime borders with Venezuela, Brazil, Peru, Ecuador, Dominican Republic, Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Honduras, Jamaica and Panama. Our South America Facts for Kids bring you lots of interesting and fun facts on the South American continent.
South America is the fourth largest continent in size and the fifth largest when we consider population. Largest Country: Brazil. The country is covering more than half the continent's landmass.
Ecuador, Colombia, Venezuela and. Aug 21, · Until recently, almost all of Venezuela's mostly urban and educated population had access to clean drinking water, sanitation facilities and electricity.
It was an affluent country, with the largest proven fossil-fuel reserves in the world. But its economy is shrinking at an alarming rate, while at. Doing Business uses a number of variables to characterize a country.
Among them: Gross national income (GNI) per capita. Doing Business reports income per capita as published in the World Bank’s World Development Indicators Income is calculated using the . Venezuela, named the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela since , is located on the northern coast of South America.
The country comprises a continental mainland and numerous islands in the Caribbean Sea. It borders Guyana to the east, Brazil to the south, and Colombia to the west. Its Caribbean neighbors off the northern coast are Trinidad and Tobago, Barbados, Curaçao, Bonaire, Aruba, Saint.