In his father, who had been a Chartist, emigrated to America, settling in Allegheny City, Pennsylvania. The raw Scots lad started work at an early age as a bobbin-boy in a cotton factory, and a few years later was engaged as a telegraph clerk and operator. His capacity was perceived by Mr T. Scott of the Pennsylvania railway, who employed him as a secretary; and inwhen Scott became vice-president of the company, he made Carnegie superintendent of the western division of the line.
Dido and Aeneas was Purcell's first and only all-sung opera and derives from the English masque tradition. Libretto[ edit ] Originally based on Nahum Tate's play Brutus of Alba, or The Enchanted Loversthe opera is likely, at least to some extent, to be allegorical.
The prologue refers to the joy of a marriage between two monarchs, which could refer to the marriage between William and Mary.
In a poem of aboutTate alluded to James II as Aeneas, who is misled by the evil machinations of the Sorceress and her witches representing Roman Catholicism, a common metaphor at the time into abandoning Dido, who symbolises the British people. The same symbolism may apply to the opera. It would be noble, or at least acceptable, for Aeneas to follow the decree of the Gods, but not so acceptable for him to be tricked by ill-meaning spirits.
Although the opera is a tragedy, there are numerous seemingly lighter scenes, such as the First Sailor's song, "Take a boozy short leave of your nymphs on the shore, and silence their mourning with vows of returning, though never intending to visit them more.
Harris considers the callousness and cynicism of the song to underline the "moral" of the story, that young women should not succumb to the advances and promises of ardent young men. The earliest extant score, held in the Bodleian Librarywas copied no earlier thanwell over sixty years after the opera was composed.
The prologue, the end of the act 2 'Grove' scene, and several dances, were almost certainly lost when the opera was divided into parts to be performed as interludes between the acts of spoken plays in the first decade of the eighteenth century.
Both arias are formed on a lamento ground bass. It has also been transcribed or used in many scores, including the soundtrack to the HBO miniseries Band of Brothers renamed "Nixon's Walk". It is played annually by a military band at the Cenotaph remembrance ceremonywhich takes place on the Sunday nearest to 11 November Armistice Day in London's Whitehall.
The music is sometimes thought to be too simple for Purcell inbut this may simply reflect that the intended performers were schoolchildren. The fact that the libretto from the Chelsea School performance indicates two dances for guitar, the "Dance Gittars Chacony" in act 1, and the "Gittar Ground a Dance" in the 'Grove' scene of act 2, has led one scholar to suggest that Purcell envisaged a guitar as a primary member of the continuo group for the opera.
There are a number of editions with realisations, and the opera's accessibility to amateur performers is a feature that has greatly abetted the growth of its popularity in the latter half of the twentieth century. Known to have been part of the score, it is now performed as a dance taken from other, similar works by Purcell, or invented outright in the same vein, to keep the integrity and continuity of the performance.
Performance history[ edit ] Premiere and early revivals[ edit ] A letter from the Levant merchant Rowland Sherman associates Dido and Aeneas with Josias Priest 's girls' school in Chelsea, London no later than the summer of Its next performance was in as a masque incorporated into an adapted version of Shakespeare's Measure for Measure at Thomas Betterton 's theatre in London.
After it disappeared as a staged work, with only sporadic concert performances, until when the first staged version in modern times was performed by students of the Royal College of Music at London's Lyceum Theatre to mark the bicentenary of Purcell's death.
Adaptations[ edit ] A version of the opera adapted to modern dance was choreographed by the American Mark Morriswho originally danced both the roles of Dido and the Sorceress.
In both the Morris and the Waltz adaptations, the characters are each portrayed by both a singer and a dancer, with the dancers onstage and the singers performing from the side of the stage or the orchestra pit.The best way to successfully address this type of objection is to compare the cost of taking the action to the cost of not taking the action, and persuade them that the cost is higher if they don’t take action.
Compare and Contrast of Odysseus and Aeneas Odysseus, the hero in The Odyssey, and Aeneas, the hero in The Aeneid, fought in opposing sides in the Trojan war. Odysseus was the king of Ithaca and was arguably the smartest king and warrior in all of Greece, whereas Aeneas was a warrior from Troy whose destiny was to found the Roman race in Italy.
Aeneas meets Dido, queen of Carthage and falls in love with her. Daenerys meets Khal Drogo, leader of a great army. For slightly different reasons, both have . Written by Oryana Tuesday, 24 March I want to introduce Suhaila Salimpour’s "Remix" as my favorite CD to practice and drill with.
Of course, it’s good just for listening and dancing to, yet with quite a bit of repetitions, one needs to have a good cheorgraphy to prevent stagnancy and keep the dance interesting.
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