Starting in hell, Dante tells the story of his journey and his experiences, under the guidance of the classical Roman poet Virgil, as he travels through the nine circles of hell to reach heaven. An allegory is a story with both a literal and symbolic meaning. Dante uses an allegory in Canto I and he describes his internal struggle through the dark forest which represents his mid-life crisis. Canto I begins with Dante waking up in a dark forest, midway through the course of his life.
Dante the Poet is a stern, moralistic individual who acts as the supreme judge and decides who belongs in Hell and, like Minos the monster judge, decides which circle of Hell each sinner belongs in. This Dante is unswerving in his judgment. He can find little extenuating circumstances, and the sinner is judged by the strictest and harshest standards.
For example, Dante the Poet lived in the household of the nephew of Francesca da Rimini, and he knew how she was betrayed in her marriage — how she was led to believe that her marriage was to be with the handsome and debonair young Paolo, but after her marriage, she discovered she was married to the deformed older brother.
Her adultery was not a deliberate contrived matter; it was instead a gentle lapsing of the will; Yet, Dante the Poet places her in Hell.
But Dante the Pilgrim swoons and faints when he hears her story in Hell. Dante the Pilgrim is a man who has, himself, been lost in a dark wood, and he is sympathetic to others who have strayed from the right path. As they begin their journey, Dante shows all of the concern for the condemned that any humane, sympathetic person would show when confronted with the sufferings of the sinners.
However, during his journey through Hell, Dante changes significantly as a pilgrim. This change is first and most wonderfully exhibited when Dante and Virgil arrive in Limbo.
When they approach the Circle of the Poets, Dante is invited to join them. Dante the Pilgrim is overwhelmed, as he should be, to be so honored and flattered by an invitation to join a group of the most outstanding and exalted poets of the world.
Dante the Pilgrim feels unworthy to join this group, but, remember, it was Dante the Poet who issued the invitation.
Thus, Dante the Poet, being invited to join these great classical poets, sees himself as one of their number.
And then as noted above, the reactions of both pilgrim and poet to the plight of Francesca present the same dichotomy of emotions — stern in judgment, but faint and swooning in emotional response.
The responses change only slightly when Dante confronts the Gluttons in the next circle. Ciacco, known as "the pig" — a common term in many languages for a Glutton — recognizes Dante the Pilgrim. Dante tries to recognize him, and failing that, he tries to assuage the feelings of this fellow Florentine by telling him that perhaps his "suffering" has changed his appearance.
When Dante hears his name, he then remembers Ciacco as a "happy-go-lucky" fellow who was very pleasant and well liked. Dante treats him kindly and tells him, "Ciacco, your distress weighs upon me so that it moves me to tears.
Thus, this far up in Hell, Dante is considerate for the feelings of the sinners and feels distress for the punishment they suffer.
However, Dante begins to lose some of his compassion beginning with Circle V. Here, the wrathful are striking at everyone, and Dante, as one strikes at him, defends himself.Dante: Divine Comedy and Dante Essays VIRGIL'S INFLUENCE ON AND IN DANTE'S INFERNO Dante Alighieri was born in Florence, Italy in In his life, he created two major books of poetry: Vita Nuova and The Comedy.
In Dante’s inferno, there is a struggle between good and evil setting up the theme of the poem. The journey through hell is symbolic; the presentation of the soul towards God.
The two characters, Athena and vigil, can be perceived as escorts in the journeys, both leading them into different endings. The Influence of Dante's Inferno - Dante Alighieri’s Divine Comedy is an epic poem that begins with the Inferno. The Inferno is an extremely influential part of European literature.
Published: Mon, 5 Dec Dantes Inferno represents a microcosm of society; that is, laymen, clergy, lovers, wagers of war, politicians, and scholars are all collected into one place and punished for their worst and most human attributes. Dantes Influences On Shelley And Eliot English Literature Essay.
Print Reference this. In the short essay of “A Defense of Poetry” Shelley attempts to clarify that, “the functions of the poetical faculty are twofold: by one it creates new materials of knowledge, and power, and pleasure; by the other it engenders in the mind a desire.
The Divine Comedy, by Dante Alighieri, is a poem laden with such Christian themes as love, the search for happiness, and the desire to see God. Among these Dante's Divine Intellect David Sauvage Divine Comedy-I: Inferno.
In Canto XI of Dante's Inferno, Virgil carefully explains the layout of hell to his student, Dante.