For more information, please see the full notice. Without the remarkable efforts of the Soviet Union on the Eastern Front, the United States and Great Britain would have been hard pressed to score a decisive military victory over Nazi Germany.
Check new design of our homepage! Presented below is the history, timeline and facts about the Cold War. Historyplex Staff Last Updated: Apr 5, Did You Know? Officially there were 9 U. Presidents during the Cold War. Namely, in chronological order Harry Truman, Dwight D. As there was no actual war or shooting, it is known as the Cold War.
It was more of an exchange of words and threats between the two nations. As both these nations were equipped with nuclear weapons at that time, tension was sensed all over the world.
The following are fascinating facts, that will tell you more about the causes and effects of the Cold War. The Beginning The Cold War spans more than 4 decades It began after the end of the Second World War and lasted up to The power struggle was more between communism and democracy or capitalism ; both trying to gain victory over the other.
As the Second World War had just ended, there was no strong European nation to check the rising dominance of these nations.
However, one of the noteworthy aspects of the Cold War was that none of the sides was ready to face a direct conflict, and tried hard to avoid the nuclear war as much as possible. They were sealed off by army patrols. This region came to be known as the East Germany. The United States adopted the policy of Containment to stop communism from spreading in other parts of the world.
It remained the policy of the U. The nuclear arms race 2 was one of the most important aspects of the Cold War. Both, the Soviet Union and the United States of America encouraged building armed weapons and piling up arsenal.
Many proxy wars were fought during this time; the most important being the Korean War. Similarly, the Vietnam War was a military conflict, and was a part of the Cold War.
The conflict was between North Vietnam supported by communist allies and South Vietnam supported by the U. The containment policy of the U.
The Vietnam War is also noted because the U. Although negotiations lead to a favorable agreement; this was the time when the two nations came closest to having an actual war! Its objective was to promote peace and prevent use of nuclear weapons. S did not ratify the pact, because the Soviet Union invaded Afghanistan in the following year.
The period between saw tension mounting again due to the strong anti-communist policies undertaken by President Reagan of the United States.The United States and the Soviet Union engaged in a conventional and nuclear arms race that persisted until the collapse of the Soviet Union.
Andrei Gromyko was Minister of Foreign Affairs of the USSR, and is the longest-serving foreign minister in the world. The first confrontation of the Cold War between the United States and the Soviet Union occurred in the Middle East in Iran. T In July , President Harry S.
Truman issued an executive order desegregating the armed forces. The issue between the United States and the Soviet Union affected the entire world, from the Middle East to Southeast Asia.
Americans literally dumped money into the "not communist" force, with no thoughts, into the potential consequences that it may had have. Relations between the Soviet Union and the United States were driven by a complex interplay of ideological, political, and economic factors, which led to shifts between cautious cooperation and often bitter superpower rivalry over the years.
The Warsaw Pact was formed with member states East Germany, Czechoslovakia, Poland, Hungary, Romania, Albania, Bulgaria, and the Soviet Union. October 23rd Hungarian Revolution.
U.S.-Soviet Alliance, – Although relations between the Soviet Union and the United States had been strained in the years before World War II, the U.S.-Soviet alliance of – was marked by a great degree of cooperation and was essential to securing the defeat of Nazi Germany.