Pojman In this essay I set forth nine arguments against Strong Affirmative Action, which I define as preferential treatment, discriminating in favor of members of under-represented groups, which have been treated unjustly in the past, against innocent people. I distinguish this from Weak Affirmative Action, which simply seeks to promote equal opportunity to the goods and offices of a society.
Arguments For and Against Affirmative Action "The difficulty of overcoming the effects of past discrimination is as nothing compared with the difficulty of eradicating from our society the source of those effects, which is the tendency -- fatal to a Nation such as ours -- to classify and judge men and women on the basis of their country of origin or the color of their skin.
A solution to the first problem that aggravates the second is no solution at all. Affirmative action is a way to ensure that diversity is obtained and maintained in schools and in the workplace.
In so doing it also helps create tolerant communities because it exposes people to a variety of cultures and ideas that are different from their own. It helps disadvantaged people who come from areas of the country where there are not very many opportunities be able to advance where they otherwise could not.
In other words, it gives everyone an equal playing field. Affirmative action is a way to help compensate for the fact that, due to many years of oppression, some races "started late in the race.
Affirmative action is reverse discrimination. The past discrimination against certain minority groups does not justify present discrimination against non-minorities. All people are equal under the laws of the United States of America and should be treated accordingly.
It destroys the idea of a meritocracy and instead puts race as the dominant factor in admissions and hiring procedures. The best people for the position should be put there, regardless of race. Affirmative action reinforces stereotypes and racism because of the previous point.
People given a position purely because of affirmative action often are not qualified, and the idea that all people of that race must be "stupid" is perpetuated.
Also, it presupposes that all people of the same skin color are from the lower class, and therefore need help.
This also reinforces stereotypes and even embeds them permanently into the system. People with the same skin color are not necessarily the same in opinion or even culture. A short article containing a typical argument against affirmative action. The Government on the whole, however, has maintained a position somewhere in the middle.
On the one hand, the Supreme Court has banned the use of strict quotas in universities. However, affirmative action still remains a policy supported by the Federal Government and legal everywhere except for California and Texas, where other policies have been adopted.
Still, the debate continues on how we as an American society can truly embrace diversity.Pros and cons of affirmative action essay paper.
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The Benefits of Affirmative Action Affirmative action has helped the income, promotion and labor force participation rates of both women and minorities.
For example, between and , the percentage of female managers and professionals in the U.S.
Affirmative Action Process. In essence, the term “affirmative action” refers to the process of promoting equal opportunities to the people from traditionally disadvantaged social groups. Benefits and the pitfalls of the Affirmation Action: There are many examples where people of colour, white women, and working class women and men of all races who were previously unjustified from jobs or educational opportunities, or were denied opportunities once admitted, have gained access through affirmative action. that practice affirmative action are allowed to tout the benefits of di- versity in highly abstract terms, without the need to specify or demon- strate the ncreteco positive effects.
rose from to percent; blacks from to percent, and Hispanics from to . May 14, · Let’s find ways to continue celebrating the benefits of affirmative action instead of using wedge politics and trying to pit one community against another. First-person essays, features.
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Dec 22, · Affirmative Action, Benefits And Disadvantage approbatory march is a program of probability close to the world, especially in America, not a program of discrimination. It has allowed women and conk out minorities to gain access to higher education and master recognise put-ons.
Ethics: Affirmative Action and Action Programs Affirmative Essay Debate 3 Affirmative Action Programs Affirmative action is a federal program that began in as a plan to “equalize the educational, employment and contracting opportunities for minorities and women”.